PREVENTION / RISK FACTORS

1. PROLONGED PERIOD OR HORMONAL INFLUENCE

You are slightly more at risk of developing breast cancer when there are long periods of hormonal influence in your life. For example:

  • -If you’ve had early menarche
  • -If you got your period until a late menopause
  • -If you never got pregnant
  • -If you did not have children before 20
  • -If you use hormone replacement therapy after menopause

2. PREVIOUS BREAST CANCER CASE

Studies have shown that if you had breast cancer previously, there is a bigger possibility or a higher percentage of risk than other women. If that’s the case for you, you should have periodical check-ups with your doctor.

3. HEREDITARY FAMILY BREAST CANCER CASE

Your risk of developing breast cancer double or triples if your sister or your mother have been diagnosed with breast cancer at an early age (less so if it’s an aunt). However, if these cases occurred at a late age, it doesn’t increase your risks. Importantly though, mortality does not increase because women with a family history of breast cancer tend to be more educated and aware, and visit doctors periodically. Therefore, the percentage of complete recovery and cure is higher.

4. BENIGN TUMOR BUT WITH SOME PRE-CANCER CHANGES

Your risk of developing breast cancer double or triples if your sister or your mother have been diagnosed with breast cancer at an early age (less so if it’s an aunt). However, if these cases occurred at a late age, it doesn’t increase your risks. Importantly though, mortality does not increase because women with a family history of breast cancer tend to be more educated and aware, and visit doctors periodically. Therefore, the percentage of complete recovery and cure is higher.

5. AGEING

With time, your chances of developing breast cancer increase. Regular check-ups are important after 40.

6. PATTERN OF LIFE AND NUTRITION

Obesity, lack of exercise, increased intake of meat and fats, alcohol consumption, and smoking have all been proven to increase the risks of breast cancer.

7. RADIATION

If you’ve been exposed to treatments of other diseases, such as lymphoma, by radiation to the breast area, you’ve more likely to develop breast cancer at a later age. You should have follow-up check-ups with periodical examinations.